Tag Archive | CTM

The ABC’s of Skincare!

Hello all!

Please read on to find out more about the ABC’s of skincare, according to Dr. Nathalie Domloj, Dermatologist and Brand Expert for Fair & Lovely Arabia.

Fair&Lovely_DrNathalieDomloj_Dermatologist&BrandExpertThe ABC of skin care starts with the knowledge of your skin, its functions and knowing your skin type and texture.

The skin is the largest organ of the body, 2 to 3 mm thick. It has three layers:

The epidermis, dermis and hypodermis:

  • The epidermis is the outer-most layer that acts as a protective barrier against UV radiation, harsh weather, microorganisms as well as water loss.
  • The dermis is the middle layer, made up of fibroblasts that produce collagen and elastin giving the skin its form, shape and elasticity.
  • The hypodermis is the bottom or deepest layer of the skin which is made up of fat cells and fatty tissue that protects the body from mechanical trauma.

The first step in taking care of your skin is to actually know about your skin type which depends on its tone, moisture, and degree of sun exposure.

Melanin is the pigment that defines your skin tone. It is the body’s natural defense mechanism against the sun UV rays. Thus the higher the melanin, the darker the skin color. Based on color, we have 5 skin types ranging from Skin Type 1, which is very fair skin to Skin Type 5, which is a very dark skin tone.

People with Skin Type 1 always burn but rarely tan when exposed to sun whereas those with Skin Type 5 lie in the other extreme – when exposed to sun, they always tan but rarely burn. Skin types 2, 3 and 4 show varying degrees of burns and tans.

According to the texture, you can be classified as having a sensitive, environmentally-damaged, problematic (acne prone), or hyper pigmented skin that shows areas of dark patchy color. A lot of factors influence your skin texture, as well as skin tone, including genetic make-up, hormonal changes, and environmental factors like UV radiation, weather conditions or certain medications as well as diseases.

So, how should we take care of our skin?

There are basic steps that you can take care of keeping in mind your skin tone and type.

  • Cleanse – Cleansers remove makeup, dirt and oil from your skin, hydrating and revitalizing your skin. Depending on your skin type, there are 5 types of cleansers – gel for oily skin, lotion for normal skin, foam for men, creams for dry skin and soap-less cleanser for sensitive skin.
  • Tone – Toners remove all impurities from your skin and shrinks your pores thus preventing pimples. It refreshes and prepares the skin for moisturizing. People with people with acne prone skin need a toner the most.
  • Moisturize – Moisturizers hydrate your skin making your skin soft and supple, preventing wrinkles. They stimulate new cells giving you that healthy complexion. It is recommended to use rich creams for the night and light cream or lotions for the day. Regardless of your skin type, everyone needs to moisturize.
  • SPF – An ideal sunscreen provides broad spectrum UVA and UVB coverage. Choose a product according to your skin type with SPF such as Fair & Lovely Advanced Multi Vitamin Cream with SPF 15 and apply generously.

Fair & Lovely_Advanced Multi-Vitamin SPF 15

I thank Dr. Nathalie for sharing these very useful, fundamental skincare tips, with all my readers.

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Love,

Naz 🙂

How to: DIY ACV face toner!

Hello guys!

It seems like I haven’t done a DIY in a while. So here is one, for a toner which I have been using for 7-8 months!

Before I go ahead with the DIY itself, let me first discuss what a toner does. A surprising number of people don’t know what a toner is or what it does. So info first!

A toner is an astringent liquid used on skin to clean away dirt and oil, tighten the pores and achieve fresh looking skin. It is usually applied after a cleanser. Cleanser opens the pores and cleans the dirt. When you follow that step with a toner, which cleans the skin further and closes the pores, you are good to go. You can then follow it with a moisturizer. Cleanse-Tone-Moisturize (CTM) is the motto you gotta hold in your heart and practice every day, for better and beautiful skin!

Usually the toners available in the market contains alcohol which can be really drying on the skin. So a DIY toner is perfect, according to me 🙂

Now onto the DIY and will discuss more info later:

You will need:

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1) Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV) – Our skin is acidic. All the times that we wash our face, put products on it, go outside etc, the acidic mantle is disturbed and our skin becomes alkaline. When it’s acidic (normally) our skin can battle against those nasty bacteria in the atmosphere, protect it from infections and shed dead skin cells, thus revealing a new layer of skin. However, when it leans towards the alkaline side, skin becomes dull and prone to infection thus leading to breaking out (Who doesn’t hate acne yeah?). ACV is acidic, anti bacterial, antiseptic and full of antioxidants. Using ACV to make this toner, helps not only in sloughing off the dead skin cells on our skin but also in restoring the ph levels of our skin.

I use the brand American Garden. I believe it’s AED7 for a 946ml bottle.

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2) Water (Drinking water/distilled water. Not tap water!) – It helps dilute ACV, because it cannot be applied on it’s own.

3) Measuring cup

4) A spray bottle – I use this small spray bottle from The Face Shop. It’s AED12. I have seen such handy bottles also at Daiso (for AED7) and Sephora (AED30 for such a bottle plus other small handy containers, in a pack). The one I am using for this tutorial, can contain 40ml.

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Method

1) It is very important to dilute ACV before applying it to the skin. The first time I used this toner, I made it in a 1:2 ratio (one part of ACV and 2 parts of water). But now that my skin is used to it, I am going to move to a 1:1 ratio. If you have sensitive skin, try a 1:4 ratio and also do a patch test probably on the crook of your elbow. If you have normal skin, you can start with a 1:2 ratio and then move to a 1:1 ratio.

I filled 20ml of water into the bottle:

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2) Fill the rest of the 20ml with ACV.

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3) Here is the final mix!. This mixture has a really pungent smell but it goes away within minutes and anyways you will get used to the smell, as a toner is something that is to be used daily. This teeny amount can last you upto 7-8 months.

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How to apply

1) Take a cotton pad. Spray it (like 5 times) until the cotton pad gets enough product to get soaked.

2) Apply to your face and skin in upward sweeping motion. Avoid the eye area.

3) Don’t wash away your toner. Let it dry for a few seconds and follow with a moisturizer.

Please note that though I have told you guys that I use the normal ACV from the brand American Garden, I suggest you use, an ACV with the ‘mother’. This might sound real funny!. But by saying “with the mother” it means that, that ACV is in the purest organic form and contains good bacteria. Here is an example of one that I found in store:

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I certainly would have bought this in the first place but I couldn’t find it when I was looking for it and now I have a 946ml bottle to finish first. So I didn’t buy this when I found it later on. Once my current bottle is over, I will purchase this one, for sure. This one is more costly than the other. 473 ml costs AED11.95.

HUGE NOTE: This ACV toner is perfect for anyone with normal – combination – acne prone skin. Also, ACV is different from your normal vinegar. So don’t get confused.

If you try it, let me know.

Love always,

Naz 🙂